What is Astigmatism ?
An astigmatic eye generally has two different meridians, at 90degrees to each other, which cause images to focus in different planes for each meridian. The meridians can each be either myopic, hyperopic or emmetropic. The correction for astigmatism is a lens power at a particular direction of orientation [ see section 4.1 ] Astigmatism causes images to be out of focus no matter what the distance. It is possible for an astigmatic eye to minimise the blur by accommodating, or focusing to bring the "circle of least confusion" onto the retina.